Mar 05, 2024  
Mansfield University 2014-2015 Undergraduate Catalog 
Mansfield University 2014-2015 Undergraduate Catalog [Archived Catalog]

Radiology Technology, Associate of Applied Science

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Offered by the Department of Health Sciences
Professor Sheehe (chairperson), Wright, K.
Associate Professors Evans, Maisner, McGuire
Assistant Professors Decker, Feeney, Klesh, Lanzara, Materese, Oakes, Zaparzynski
Instructors Carapella, Ferrito, Greer, Hanlon, Kotchka, Runyan, Vosburgh


The mission of Mansfield University Radiology Technology Program is to develop competent, entry-level diagnostic radiographers. Graduates will possess knowledge and skills related to positioning patients for radiographic procedures, radiation protection, exposure technique, and image evaluation. They will also demonstrate excellence in communication, patient care, critical thinking, use of medical ethics, and ­professionalism.

Graduates will also demonstrate familiarity with specialized radiologic modalities including Mammography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Nuclear Medicine, Vascular Interventional Radiography, Ultrasound, CT Scanning and Radiation Therapy.

By providing a high-quality academic curriculum with associated laboratories and a guided systematic approach to clinical experience, faculty members strive to provide an integrated educational experience.

Through continual self-evaluation and measured outcomes, faculty members also strive to respond to the changing needs of the profession, so graduates become effective members of today’s health care team.

Goals and Student Learning Outcomes

Goal #1: To provide the health care community with competent, entry-level diagnostic radiographers.

  • Students will position patients accurately.
  • Student will select optimal exposure factors.
  • Student will apply radiation protection principles.
  • Students will successfully perform diagnostic procedures while under the supervision of staff technologists.

Goal # 2: Students will demonstrate appropriate patient communication and education skills.

  • Students will identify themselves and the patient, verify the body part to be imaged, and obtain an accurate history.
  • Students will explain the procedure and process for obtaining the diagnostic report.

Goal #3: Students will demonstrate problem-solving and critical thinking when performing medical imaging procedures.

  • Students will demonstrate critical thinking while performing radiographic procedures.
  • Students will evaluate radiographic images for appropriate positioning and image quality.

Goal #4: Students will demonstrate professionalism.

  • Students will demonstrate professional and ethical conduct.

Goal #5: The program will continuously monitor its effectiveness.

  • Students will complete the program within three years of initial acceptance.
  • Graduates will pass the ARRT Certification Exam on the first attempt.
  • Graduates pursuing employment will be employed within twelve months after program completion.

Goal #6: The program will promote graduate and employer satisfaction.

  • Graduates will express satisfactiion with the training received during the program.
  • Employers will express satisfaction with the training received during the program.

The Mansfield University Radiology Technology Program trains students to become diagnostic radiologic technologists. Diagnostic radiologic technologists are valued members of the healthcare team involved in imaging body structures and organs using a variety of procedures and sophisticated equipment. Most people are familiar with radiographic chest examinations and know that x-ray examinations are the best way to diagnose broken bones. Diagnostic technologists perform these procedures as well as procedures which require the use of contrast agents that make it possible to study organs and blood vessels that otherwise cannot be seen. 

Why choose the Mansfield University Radiology Technology Program?

  • The program is accredited, so standards of excellence are met and students are assured of a quality education.
  • The program offers an intensive clinical experience in a small town atmosphere.
  • Students gain experience using state-of-the-art digital radiographic equipment and the student/teacher ratio is low.
  • The program has an outstanding pass rate on the certification examination.
  • Clinical rotations through seven specialty areas associated with radiology are provided.

Program Description

The Radiology Technology Program is an intensive, hands-on two-year training program leading to an associate in applied science (A.A.S.) degree and employment as a radiologic technologist. It is jointly sponsored by Mansfield University, a member of the Pennsyl­vania State Higher Education System, and Robert Packer Hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital, Level II Re­gional Trauma Center, and affiliate of the Guthrie Healthcare System. It is one of several programs in the Mansfield University Department of Health Sciences.  Students are on the Mansfield, PA, campus the first semester. The remaining three semesters and two summer sessions require clinical and classroom experience at the Robert Packer Hospital, in Sayre, PA.

Radiology students attend an orientation session at Robert Packer Hospital during the start of the regular 1st spring semester.

When assigned to the Sayre campus, students complete up to 40 clinical/classroom hours per week. The average daily times of attendance are from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.

While the majority of courses are taught using traditional in-class instruction, some are completed via distance and online learning.

Clinical education includes extensive clinical experience at the Radiology Department of Robert Packer Hospital in Sayre, Pennsylvania. Students are routinely assigned to diagnostic areas and gain familiarity with specialty areas by completing a short clinical rotation within each modality. During the second year, each student rotates through an evening clinical assignment that occurs from 5:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.

Students are subject to the rules and Regulations of both the university and medical center affiliate. 


The program is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT), 20 N. Wacker Drive, Suite 2850, Chicago, Illinois, 60606-3182.  Accreditation standards and additional information can be seen at the JRCERT website: You may also contact the JRCERT by phone: 312-704-5300 or by e-mail:

Career Opportunities

Upon program completion, career opportunities are available in hospitals, imaging centers, medical clinics and mobile units.  Although there is no formal job placement service, job opportunities exist throughout the U.S. With additional education or training, radiographers can become certified and pursue employment in specialty areas including Mammography, Ultrasound, MRI, CT, Radiation Therapy, Nuclear Medicine and Vascular Interventional Radiography. Graduates who pursue a Baccalaureate Degree may be considered for positions in education or ­administration.

Admission Requirements

The radiology technology program accepts a maximum of ten students annually. 

Admission is granted only for the fall semester and the Admissions Committee will select candidates based on:

1. A high school diploma or GED
2. Submission of high school and/or college-level transcripts
3. A completed application form with the non-refundable fee.
4. Preference will be given to candidates with a B or better in preferred science and math courses which include: Algebra I, Algebra II, Geometry, Trigonometry,  Calculus, Anatomy and Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Biology and ACE or AP sci­ence and math courses.
5. SAT scores (Preferred high school criteria is a minimum of a 1000 combined score for math and critical reading)
6. Minimum 2.5 cumulative GPA required to be considered for transfer into the Radiology Program. Transfer candidates must possess a strong science and math background for consideration.
7. A completed personal interview and shadowing experience

Applicants must also comply with program technical standards:

1. Read small print and write legible notes
2. Speak clearly and be understood
3. Handle sterile and non-sterile instruments with dexterity
4. Hear speech when the speaker wears a mask and the listener’s ears are covered with a cap
5. Lift, move and assist patients
6. Perform x-ray equipment manipulation
7. Wear a protective apron when necessary
8. Access, without assistance, all clinical areas
9. Perform all CPR movements 

Obtaining Program Information and Application

Information and an application form can be obtained by calling the Mansfield University Admissions Office at (570) 662-4243 or 800-577-6826. You may also contact Jo Ann Hanlon, Program Director, at (570) 887-4007.  The same information and an online application may also be obtained by visiting .

Application Deadline

To receive proper consideration, applications should be received by the University no later than January 15. Applications submitted after January 15 will be accepted on a space-available basis.

Admission Process

Applicants must submit a completed application with the non-refundable fee to the Mansfield University Enrollment Services Department along with high school/college transcripts and SAT and/or ACT scores.  The Enrollment Services Department selects candidates who meet the minimum University admission requirements and forwards their applications and transcripts to the Program Director of the Radiology Technology Program and the Admissions Committee for review. 

Since class size is limited, only applicants with acceptable SAT scores and a solid high school and/or college math and science background and are granted a personal interview. Preferred math and science courses are Algebra I, Algebra II, Geometry, Trigonometry, Calculus, Anatomy and Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Biology and ACE or AP science and math courses. 

During the interview, applicants will receive information about the program and will participate in a shadowing experience within the Robert Packer Hospital Radiology Department.  Interviewees will receive information regarding their acceptance status from the Mansfield University Admissions Office within approximately two weeks following the interview.

Applicants who receive a rejection letter may reapply to the program after completing math and science college level courses.  Courses completed must include BSC 1121 Anatomy and Physiology I and MA 1128 College Algebra at Mansfield University.  A minimum grade of grade of “C-” must be attained in each course to be reconsidered for acceptance.  Applicants who request re-consideration will be admitted on a space-available basis and their scores will be considered with other applicant scores at the time of re-consideration.    

Alternate Status

In addition to the ten majors, the program accepts a minimum of three alternate students annually.  Alternate status enables the applicant to begin his/her studies at Mansfield University in the fall semester under the Academic Exploration Program and take all the required courses within the Radiology program’s fall curriculum. 

If an opening occurs during the fall semester, alternate students will be considered for full acceptance into the program.  Alternate students who are accepted must attain at least a grade of “C” in each course, and those with the highest numerical average of grades in BSC 1121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I, XRT 1101 X-ray Technology I, and MA 1128 College Algebra will be accepted first.

If alternate students are not accepted into the program during the fall semester, they may continue taking general education courses required within the Radiology Technology Program at Mansfield University.  They are guaranteed acceptance into the Radiology Technology Program for the following spring provided they have attained a minimum grade of “C” in XRT 1101 X-Ray Technology I, and a minimum grade of C- in BSC 1121 Human Anatomy and Physiology I and MA 1128 College Algebra.  They must also attain a passing grade in all attempted general education courses within the radiology program’s curriculum.

Transfer Credit

Appropriate credit may be given for comparable college-level course work. Ms. Jan Yoder by phone: (570) 662-4408 or by e-mail:

Change of Major

Any Mansfield University student who would like to be considered for acceptance into the Radiology Technology Program must notify the Program Director by phone: (570) 887-4007 or by e-mail: or  Students must contact the registrar’s Office at Mansfield University and request that the following documents be sent to the program Director:

            1. Student’s original application to Mansfield University
            2. All post-secondary transcripts including the Mansfield University transcript

The Admissions Committee will consider the request using the same acceptance criteria as for external applicants.  All candidates are notified of their final application status by the Program Director.  Upon notification of acceptance, candidates must submit a completed Change of Major form to the Program Director. 

Students with Disabilities

The Mansfield University Radiology Technology program complies with the Americans with Disabilities Act and with University policies regarding students with disabilities. Every effort is made to provide reasonable accommodations for qualified students with disabilities who are able to perform the essential functions of our academic program. A list of “essential functions” is available from the Program Director upon request. Students with documented learning disabilities, physical challenges, or other significant medical conditions that may affect their learning in this course should meet with the University’s Disability Advisor in the Department of Academic and Human Development (141 South Hall, Phone: 662-4436) as soon as possible. The Disability Advisor will arrange to provide your professors with an appropriate letter so that we may serve your particular needs more effectively. If you have a disability that requires classroom or testing accommodations, the advisor will also clarify appropriate arrangements.

Health and Insurance Requirements

To be allowed to treat patients at Robert Packer Hospital and other affiliated hospitals, each radiology student must comply with the im­munization and health requirements established by the hospital and/or state health department. Prior to enrollment in the first radiology courses at Robert Packer Hospital in January, each radiology student must provide the Program Director with documentation of the following:

1. Two MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccinations, or rubella and rubeola titers confirming im­munity. (For students born before January 1, 1957, a rubeola titer is not needed.)

2. Positive history of chicken pox (vericella) or varicella titer con­firming immunity.

3. Hepititis B immunization.

4. Tuberculosis skin tests (PPD): If an individual has written documentation of one PPD skin test within the preceding twelve months, one additional PPD skin test is needed prior to beginning the first clinical course in Sayre. If an individual has not had a PPD in the past twelve months, he/she must complete the Two-Step PPD process prior to beginning rota­tions in the hospital. There must be a minimum of seven days between the two PPD tests, how­ever, the Two-Step PPD process must be completed within a three-week period of time. Documenta­tion must verify both the date(s) of injection and the read date(s). A PPD skin test is an annual requirement while enrolled in the program.

5. Tetanus shot within the last ten years.

6. A negative 7-panel urine drug screen completed within six months of beginning courses on the Guthrie/Robert Packer Hospi­tal campus.

7. A signed waiver indicating that the radiology student will not participate in the care of patients with tuberculosis.

8. Evidence of personal health insurance. Low cost health insur­ance is available through the Mansfield University Office of Resident Life. You can apply for a policy at ww.bollingercol­

9. Proof of professional liability insurance. Students may pur­chase the required minimum coverage, $1,000,0000 each incident/$3,000,000 aggregate, at for ap-proximately $35.00/year.

Expenses incurred meeting these requirements are the responsibility of the student. All documentation may be mailed to the Program Director, Ra­diology Technology Program, Robert Packer Hospital, One Guthrie Square, Sayre, PA 18840. Students who fail to complete the Health requirements and/or submit documentation will be denied access to clinical and laboratory classes.

Background Checks

At least two weeks prior to the 1st spring semester at the Sayre Campus in January, students must complete and submit documentation for a federal criminal background check as outlined below. Please note that the procedure includes finger-printing and can take several weeks to complete.

Directions for Criminal Background Check

1. Visit the website:

2. Click on “PA Department of Public Welfare”.

3. Under “Registration” click on “Register Online”.

4. Type in and submit credit card and personal information.

5. Click on and review all informa­tion under “Print Site Locations”. Select a nearby print site.

6. Report to the print site.

7. Submit report to Program Director.

Tuition, Fees, Housing, and Dining

Current information concerning tuition, miscellaneous fees, housing fees, and dining fees may be obtained from the University Office of Student Accounts (telephone 570-662-4888) or by visiting the University web site ( Housing and dining facilities are available both on the Mansfield and Sayre campuses. Information concerning housing and dining on the Mansfield campus is available from the Office of Resi­dence Life & Housing, 120 Pinecrest Manor, Mansfield, PA 16933 (phone: 570-662-4934). Housing on the Sayre campus is limited, but priority for housing is given to freshmen and sophomore students. For information about housing and dining at the Sayre campus, contact Jidith Brayer, Coordinator of Student Services, by telephone at (570) 887-4716 or by e-mail:

Medical and Professional Liability Insurance

All students must have health and professional liability insurance to participate in clinical experiences at all Guthrie Health facilities.

Transportation to Clinical Sites

Students must provide their own transportation to and from the program’s clinical sites, Robert Packer Hospital and Troy Community Hospital.

Program Grade Standards

Radiology students are subject to all Mansfield University policies plus the following Radiology Technology Program standards:

1. A minimum grade of C- in BSC 1121 Human Anatomy & Physiology and MA 1128 College Algebra is required for enrollment in the radiology courses in Sayre.

2. A minimum grade of C must be achieved in all professional courses (those with an XRT prefix) and modules. Any module grade below C will result in failure of the entire course. Any student receiving a C- or lower grade cannot continue in the program until the course is repeated and a C or higher grade is attained.

3. Professional courses can be repeated only once. Students will be readmitted on a space available basis. Any student who fails to earn at least a grade of C upon completion of the repeated course will be dismissed from the program.

4. All degree work must be completed within three years.

Graduation Requirements

  • Earn at least a “C” grade for each course attempted in the major (XRT courses).
  • Earn at least a “C-“grade for Human Anatomy and Physiology I and College Algebra.
  • Achieve at least the minimum G.P.A of 2.0.
  • Complete the course requirements for general education and the major.
  • Achieve all of the Radiology Technology Program’s terminal competencies.
  • Satisfy all financial obligations to Mansfield University and Guthrie Health.
  • Submit an Application for Graduation online via WebAdvisor at least one year prior to graduation.
  • Complete the ARRT clinical competency requirements.

Certification Examination

Graduates of the program are eligible to sit for the certification examination of the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). Candidates must meet all ARRT requirements including ethical standards. Conviction of a crime (felony, gross misdemeanor, or misdemeanor) and drug/alcohol related violations can affect eligibility to sit for the examination.  ARRT investigates all potential violations in order to determine eligibility.

Certified radiographers may use the letters R.T. (R) after their names and ARRT certification satisfies most state radiographer licensure laws. More information can be obtained at the website,

The program boasts an outstanding pass rate on the certification examination.

Program Effectiveness Data

The performance of radiography programs is summarized by program effectiveness data which includes the program completion rate, credentialing examination pass rate and job placement rate. The data is required by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT) (20 N. Wacker Drive, Suite 2850, Chicago, IL 60606-3182, 312-704-5300,  The Mansfield University Radiology Technology Program’s 2014 effectiveness data is found below. This information can also be obtained at

Credentialing Examination Pass Rate

This is the number of students that pass the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) certification examination on the first attempt within six months of graduation from the program.







10/10 graduates passed on the first attempt


5/5 graduates passed on the first attempt


9/9 graduates passed on the first attempt


8/8 graduates passed on the first attempt


12/12 graduates passed on the first attempt


5-Year Credentialing Examination Pass Rate: 100%

(44 of the 44 graduates passed the ARRT

Certification Exam within six months of graduation)



Job Placement Rate

This is the number of students that gain employment in the radiologic sciences within twelve months of graduation versus the number of graduates who actively sought employment.







6/7 graduates who sought employment gained employment


4/4 graduates who sought employment gained employment


8/9 graduates who sought employment gained employment


7/7 graduates who sought employment gained employment


10/11 graduates who sought employment gained employment


5-year Average Job Placement Rate Within Twelve Months of Graduation: 92%

(thirty five of the thirty eight graduates who sought employment in diagnostic radiology obtained employment within twelve months of graduation)


Program Completion Rate

An annual measurement of the number of students that completed the program divided by the number of students that began the program.







10 students graduated/12 students began the program


5 students graduated/8 students began the program


9 students graduated/10 students began the program


8 students graduated/10 students began the program


12 students graduated/12 students began the program

Job Placement

Although the radiology program does not provide job placement, graduates maintain an excellent record of job procurement.

Bloomsburg University Bachelor of Science Degree Option

Under the terms of an articula­tion agreement between Mansfield University and Bloomsburg Univer­sity, graduates from the Mansfield University Radiology Technology Program are guaranteed admission with advanced standing at the junior level to Bloomsburg University. Following successful completion of the BU Medical Imaging Program, graduates will earn a Bachelor of Sci­ence Degree.  Mansfield University (MU) and Bloomsburg University (BU) offi­cially confirm the following terms of this agreement:

1. After admission to MU, an interested student signs a letter of intent to transfer to BU at the time the Associate in Applied Science Degree is completed.
2. The Office of Admissions at BU reserves a place for the student as a junior year transfer student upon receipt of the student’s let­ter of intent.
3. One year prior to matriculation at BU, the student confirms the intent to enroll by completing the transfer admissions application.
4. BU accepts all 72 credits from MU.
5. A minimum of 48 additional semester hours of credit must be completed to be awarded the BU Bachelor of Science Degree. BU residency requirements must be observed (30 credits from BU).For more information please contact:

Judith A. Kipe-Holt, Ph.D., Professor, Biology & Allied Health Sciences
Bloomsburg University, 400 East 2nd Street, Bloomsburg, PA 17815
269 Heartline Science Center
Phone: 570-389-4319
Fax: 570-389-3018

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